How to set Java heap space in Apache Tomcat?

If Java runs out of memory, the following error occurs:

Exception in thread "main" java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: Java heap space

heap This can have two reasons:

  • Your Java application has a memory leak. There are tools like YourKit Java Profiler that help you to identify such leaks.
  • Your Java application really needs a lot of memory (more than 128 MB by default!). In this case the Java heap size can be increased using the following runtime parameters:
java -Xms<initial heap size> -Xmx<maximum heap size>

Defaults are:

java -Xms32m -Xmx128m

You can set this either in the Java Control Panel or on the command line, depending on the environment you run your application.